Defending the Spirit

A Black Life in America

Randall Robinson rose from a poor childhood in the segregated South to become one of the most distinguished and controversial political activists of our time. Defending the Spirit is his story—an intimate portrait of what it means to be black in America.

In 1977, Robinson founded TransAfrica, the first organization to advocate the interests of African and Caribbean peoples. Now he has undertaken the extraordinary task of confronting racism within America's most elite power structures and educating a new generation of political and social leaders. Both a searing memoir and a powerful depiction of racism at home and abroad, Defending the Spirit is a stirring call to a new era of African-American leadership.

Randall Robinson Author photo:
Willets Photo Studio, St. Kitts

About the Author

Randall Robinson is the author of MAKEDA, An Unbroken Agony and the national best sellers The Debt, The Reckoning, Quitting America, and Defending the Spirit, as well as the novel The Emancipation of Wakefield Clay. He is a professor of law at Penn State Law School and is the creator, co-producer, and host of the public television human rights series World on Trial. Robinson lives with his wife Hazel in St. Kitts, West Indies.